Connect with us

Game Of Throne Premier

Game Of Throne Premier

Games of throne Julius Caesar: A Roman Colossus


Uncategorized

Games of throne Julius Caesar: A Roman Colossus

Home / Learning / Julius Caesar: A Roman Colossus March 4, 2020 by Biographics Leave a Comment — — Transcript Provided by YouTube: 00:00 2,000 years after his assassination he 00:02 is still revered as one of the greatest 00:04 rulers in all of history yet his story 00:07 reverberates as a tale of the…

Games of throne Julius Caesar: A Roman Colossus

Games of throne

Home / Learning / Julius Caesar: A Roman Colossus

by Leave a Comment

games of throne



Real Life. Real News. Real Voices

Help us tell more of the stories that matter

Become a founding member

Transcript Provided by YouTube:

00:00


2,000 years after his assassination he


00:02


is still revered as one of the greatest


00:04


rulers in all of history yet his story


00:07


reverberates as a tale of the dangers of


00:11


power unbounded his military genius and


00:13


political skill saw him rise to the


00:15


position of dictator for life but it all


00:18


came to a bloody end on the Ides of


00:21


March in this week’s by graphics we


00:23


discover the man who was Caesar


00:27


[Music]


00:37


Gaius Julius Caesar was born on either


00:39


the 12th or 13th of July in the year 100


00:42


BCE his was a patrician family which


00:45


historically had political sway but was


00:47


not influential at the time of Caesars


00:50


birth his father Gaius was a praetor or


00:53


an elected magistrate and was the


00:55


governor of the province of Asia while


00:57


his mother


00:58


Aurelia belonged to a family of some


01:00


prominence Caesars aunts Julia was the


01:02


wife of Gaius Marius who was the leader


01:05


of the popular faction political


01:07


movement we don’t know very much about


01:09


Caesars childhood but his education


01:11


included the study of the Greek language


01:12


and he read the works of Greek


01:14


historians in his early teens he began


01:17


attending lectures on philosophy and


01:19


rhetoric showing a keen interest in


01:21


developing his skills as a public


01:23


speaker at the time this was something


01:24


of a prized ability in Rome the Roman


01:27


Forum was the center of intellectual


01:30


discussion and debate in Rome during


01:32


Caesars youth it was there that


01:34


political ideas were argued out where


01:36


questions were discussed and elections


01:39


held any man who had ambition has a


01:41


master the skill of holding the


01:43


attention of their audience and Julius


01:46


Caesar he was showing himself to be a


01:48


young man of quite some ambition tragedy


01:51


struck for Caesar household though in 85


01:53


C II when Gaius senior died suddenly the


01:57


16 year old Julius was now the head of


01:59


the family he inherited this leadership


02:01


at the very time that civil war was


02:03


breaking out between the popular faction


02:06


led by his uncle Gaius Marius and his


02:08


political rival Lucius Cornelius sulla


02:11


after a bitter and bloody struggle sulla


02:14


gains the ascendancy gasps he was exiled


02:17


to Africa and he died shortly thereafter


02:25


with sulla now in power those who had


02:28


ties to Gaius Marius were put under


02:30


pressure having married the daughter of


02:32


a prominent member of the popular


02:33


faction Cornelia the teen Caesar he


02:36


became a bit of a target suna ordered


02:38


that he break off the marriage and


02:40


distance himself from Gaius Marius


02:42


Caesar refused and was prescribed by


02:46


sulla meaning that he was marked to be


02:48


executed the eighteen-year-old Caesar


02:50


was now forced into hiding


02:52


it was only the influence of his


02:53


mother’s family that led to sulla


02:55


lifting this death sentence still Caesar


02:57


was understandably wary of sulla he


02:59


decided that it would be safer for him


03:01


to be away from Rome while sulla ruled


03:03


the city Caesar now set his sights on a


03:06


military career initially he served


03:08


under Marcus minimus thermos he proved


03:10


to be a natural soldier serving with


03:12


distinction in the provinces of Asia and


03:14


Silesia in 79 BCE he was awarded the oak


03:18


leaves of the civic crown for saving the


03:20


life of a citizen in the heat of battle


03:22


caesar’s rising military stature led to


03:25


him being chosen as an emissary to the


03:27


king of Bithynia nicodemus in order to


03:30


exact a promise for a fleet of ships he


03:32


was successful in his mission however


03:34


rumors spread that he had only managed


03:36


to persuade the king by agreeing to


03:38


superfamily


03:44


in 78 BCE sulla died opening the way for


03:48


Caesar to return to Rome having left the


03:50


army he began a career as a legal


03:53


advocate with his inheritance having


03:54


been confiscated during the reign of


03:56


sulla he and his wife lived a modest


03:58


lifestyle in the lower class


04:00


neighborhoods of Saburo through his


04:02


legal representations season began to


04:04


develop a reputation as a powerful and


04:06


passionate public speaker in 75 BCE


04:09


while on his way to advance his studies


04:11


in Greece Caesar was kidnapped by


04:13


Sicilian pirates and held for ransom


04:16


it is reputed that when the Pirates told


04:18


him they had demanded twenty talents for


04:19


his release he was insulted and insisted


04:22


that they increase it to fifty talents


04:24


he was treated well by the Pirates and


04:26


had a relaxed time with them however


04:27


before the ransom was paid and he was


04:29


released he vowed to them that he would


04:31


hunt them down and have them crucified


04:33


he was good to his word raising a group


04:35


of volunteers and overpowering his


04:37


former captors prior to their execution


04:39


he had the Pirates throat scarce as a


04:41


show of leniency for their having


04:43


treated him well shortly after his


04:45


pirate escapades Caesar was recalled in


04:48


the military service he was sent to the


04:49


province of Asia and tasked with raising


04:51


a volunteer force to put down a


04:53


rebellion upon successful completion of


04:55


this mission he returned to Rome and was


04:57


duly appointed as a military Tribune it


04:59


was the first step of his political


05:02


career


05:04


[Music]


05:08


Cesar was not shy about espousing his


05:10


support for the popular faction which


05:12


had been put down by sulla years before


05:15


he took on the prominent case of a


05:17


reigning the governor of Macedonia dalla


05:19


Bella who had been closely associated


05:21


with sulla when the trial came Caesar


05:23


appeared at the forum the force and


05:25


vigor with which he rated his arguments


05:27


won him great public support in opposing


05:29


Dolabella Caesar was positioning himself


05:31


as the people’s champion he was


05:33


increasingly being seen as the natural


05:35


inheritor of Marius in order to head up


05:38


the popular faction with sulla


05:40


supporters still in the ascendancy


05:42


however Dolabella was acquitted but the


05:44


case had made Julius Caesar one of the


05:45


most conspicuous men in all of Rome


05:48


Caesar loved the prominence that he was


05:50


receiving he began to take on the


05:52


character of the leader of the popular


05:53


party he spoke fluently in the forum


05:56


both before popular assemblies and in


05:58


the Courts of Justice in his legal role


06:00


he came to specialized in defending


06:02


those who were accused of political


06:04


crimes through his energy and boldness


06:06


not to mention these strength of logic


06:08


and reasoning that he demonstrated he


06:10


became the rising champion of the people


06:12


when Caesar’s aunts the wife of Marius


06:14


Julia died he arranged to hold a


06:17


prominent funeral for her since the time


06:19


of the suppression of her husband’s and


06:21


the party heads jr. had lived in


06:23


obscurity in fact any who associated


06:25


with her were putting their lives in


06:27


danger yet the fearless Caesar delivers


06:29


a flattering funeral oration from the


06:31


rostrum of the forum he went as far as


06:34


condemning the ouster of his uncle and


06:36


producing images of Marius for the crowd


06:38


to see at this certain patrician


06:40


partisans in the audience they began to


06:42


object but they were shouted down by the


06:45


crowd before long Caesar was delivering


06:47


another funeral oration this time it was


06:49


his own wife Cornelia who had died in


06:52


delivering the oration


06:53


he made the point of praising her family


06:55


had been prominent members of the


06:57


popular family in both funeral orations


06:59


he emphasized the ancient nobility of


07:01


his family claiming descent from the


07:03


first King on his mother’s side and from


07:04


the gods on his father’s side following


07:07


the funeral for his wife Caesar was


07:09


appointed as a crest on a possession


07:11


which involved performing financial


07:13


auditing duties he travelled to Spain


07:14


where he served as crater ship in 69


07:17


vce it is said that while in Spain he


07:19


came across a statue of Alexander the


07:21


Great which caused him to reflect on his


07:23


life’s accomplishments to date


07:25


he was now 32 the same age at which


07:27


Alexander had managed to achieve world


07:29


dominance in comparison he had achieved


07:31


nothing of significance he resolved to


07:34


change that situation


07:42


upon returning to Rome Caesars


07:44


prominence and popularity saw him being


07:46


elected to a succession of public


07:48


offices then in 67 BCE he was appointed


07:50


to the Senate in that same year he


07:52


married the granddaughter of sulla


07:54


pompeya the marriage only lasted six


07:56


years with Caesar divorcing her when she


07:58


became caught up in a damaging political


08:00


scandal in 67 BCE


08:02


Caesar was appointed as a formal


08:04


magistrate around this time he began to


08:06


engage in the popular custom of


08:08


cementing public favor by staging a


08:11


lavish entertainment spectacles these


08:13


included games with wild beasts and


08:15


gladiators being brought in from all


08:17


over the realm these extravagant


08:19


displays served their purpose of making


08:21


Caesar extremely popular with the masses


08:23


but they also put a huge strain on his


08:26


finances in fact they plunged him into


08:28


debt the only way that he could possibly


08:30


extricate himself from his financial


08:32


woes was by rising to a position of


08:35


ultimate power in 63 BCE Caesar set his


08:38


sights on the position of Pontifex


08:41


Maximus or chief priests he spent even


08:43


more borrowed money on popular support


08:45


and despite being opposed by two


08:47


powerful senators he won the position


08:49


handily the following year he was


08:50


appointed as pro praetor norpro


08:52


magistrate in an area of southern Spain


08:54


before he could take up the position


08:56


however he was required to settle his


08:59


outstanding debts for this he turns to


09:01


one of the city’s richest men Marcus


09:03


Licinius Crassus Crassus agreed to help


09:06


Caesar financially on the basis that he


09:08


would in turn provide political


09:09


influence in Crassus favor


09:11


Caesar now traveled to Spain where he


09:14


proved to be a successful administrator


09:16


he achieved both military and financial


09:18


success returning to Rome with enough


09:20


money to pay off all of his debts Caesar


09:23


he was now in a position to set his


09:25


sights on the highest political office


09:27


in Rome the office of consul when the


09:29


Romans had gotten rid of their line of


09:30


Kings they had vested supreme magistracy


09:33


in the hands of two consuls these men


09:36


were chosen each year in a general


09:38


election


09:40


[Music]


09:44


if it was left to the people Caesar


09:46


would have had no problem gaining the


09:48


needed votes such whilst his popularity


09:50


among them however there were a number


09:52


of influential political rivals who


09:54


opposed him at the time there was a


09:56


bitter rivalry unfolding between two men


09:58


of great influence Pompey and Crassus


10:01


Bombay was a great military leader while


10:03


Crassus held influence due to his wealth


10:05


Caesar conceived of the plan to unite


10:07


them and they get both of them to back


10:09


in for consul he succeeded brilliantly


10:11


in his plan managing to create a


10:12


triumvirate of the three most


10:14


influential politicians in Rome each of


10:17


whom was bound to advance the political


10:19


elevation of the others in order to


10:21


secure his alliance with Pompey Caesar


10:23


arranged for his only daughter Julia to


10:25


enter into a marriage Lance with Pompey


10:27


with the support of Crassus and Pompey


10:29


behind him Caesar set about securing his


10:31


appointment to the Consul its political


10:33


opponents knew that they would be unable


10:35


to prevent public support from securing


10:37


the consulship for Caesar


10:38


so they set their sights on preventing


10:40


Caesars preferred co-consul a man named


10:42


Lucy us from achieving office they put


10:45


forward Bibble us who was a political


10:47


opponent to Caesar for the position


10:49


Caesar and Bibble us were elected Co


10:51


consoles for the year 59 BCE


10:53


however Caesar immediately proceeded to


10:55


ignore his colleague assuming full power


10:57


and carrying out measures unilaterally


10:59


that were geared to ingratiate himself


11:01


with the people


11:02


Caesar was opposed by leading members of


11:05


the Senate one of his firmest opponents


11:07


was Cato a fervent patriot who was


11:09


incensed at Caesars unilateral decision


11:12


making at one point Caesar ordered that


11:14


Cato be taken into custody and thrown in


11:16


prison as he was being escorted out by


11:18


guards another influential senator rose


11:20


to accompany him when Caesar asked where


11:22


he was going he replied that he would


11:24


rather be in prison with Cato than in


11:26


the Senate with Caesar Caesars control


11:28


of the consulship was so complete that


11:30


his supposed co-counsel gave up entirely


11:32


retiring to his house and leaving Caesar


11:35


free reign


11:38


[Music]


11:41


Cesar followed his IRA’s consult by


11:44


Rhian barking upon his military career


11:46


by achieving great military conquest he


11:48


would ensure that his star rose even


11:50


higher his powerful political allies


11:52


helped Cesar to secure Pro consulship


11:54


over three provinces for an


11:56


unprecedented five yea governorship he


11:59


became governor of Illyricum in the


12:01


Balkans Cisalpine Gaul in northern Italy


12:03


and transyl Pinkel in southern France


12:06


Cesar’s first opportunity for conquest


12:08


came when southeastern ghoul was invaded


12:10


by a tribe known as the Helvetii


12:13


Caesar moved against them with six


12:15


legions and crushed them during a fierce


12:17


five-hour battle he then turned his


12:20


attention to the Germanic tribes


12:21


despite the formidable reputation of


12:23


these warriors the Roman legions managed


12:25


to defeat them at the Battle of Oscar’s


12:28


by 57 BCE Caesar had built his army to


12:31


eight legions numbering some 40,000 men


12:34


he now set out to subjugate the Belgae


12:36


tribes decimating each one individually


12:38


before they could unite against him the


12:40


final victory came at the Battle of


12:42


service by which time Caesar had


12:43


completely conquered the Gauls with his


12:45


power now unquestioned within his own


12:47


territory Caesar now began looking


12:49


beyond known borders he set his sights


12:51


on Germania and Britannia in 55 BCE he


12:55


built a bridge across the Rhine in a


12:56


record ten days having it dismantled


12:59


when he recast after spending 18 days


13:01


probing the countryside a similar


13:03


scouting mission was made into Britannia


13:05


later that same year in 54 BCE he


13:08


returns with a full five legions with


13:09


the objective of establishing a


13:11


permanent Roman base that the Britons


13:13


though they had other ideas and they


13:14


continually harassed the Romans with a


13:16


hit-and-run attack strategy still the


13:18


determination of their leader and the


13:20


discipline of their rank and file


13:21


enabled the Romans to systematically


13:23


hunt down the local resistance and the


13:26


Britons suit for peace Caesar negotiated


13:29


an annual tribute took a swath of


13:30


hostages and then left never to set foot


13:32


on British soil again in 53 BCE a


13:36


Gaulish revolts was quickly put down but


13:38


a year later a more determined and


13:40


better organised revolt occurred under


13:42


the leadership of vercingetorix a


13:44


powerful warrior who is determined to


13:46


kick the Romans out of Gaul these


13:48


set out to crush the revolt with a full


13:51


complement of 10 legions after suffering


13:53


a number of losses Vercingetorix


13:55


switched to a scorched earth policy at


13:57


gergovia the Romans suffered their first


13:59


to feed that revenge came swiftly at the


14:01


Battle of Alesia the revolt was crushed


14:03


and Vercingetorix was taken alive and


14:05


transported to Rome where it was paraded


14:06


in a cage like a wild animal


14:08


then in 47 BC Caesar embarked on a


14:11


voyage to Turkey in order to take care


14:12


of pharmacies ii who had been extending


14:15


his power by overpowering a number of


14:17


neighboring roman states with just three


14:20


legions caesar went directly to the town


14:22


of Xena to face pharmacys the Romans


14:24


took up a strong position on the hilltop


14:26


the Turkish revolt was put down in quick


14:27


order giving rise to Caesars most famous


14:29


quote veni vidi vici


14:31


I came I saw I conquered over the next


14:34


two years Caesar put down rebellions in


14:36


North Africa and hispania


14:38


[Music]


14:43


during his years in military campaigns


14:46


Cesar sought to continue influencing


14:48


Roman politics through his supporters in


14:50


56 BCE he met with his old allies


14:53


Crassus and Pompey in order to renew


14:55


their triumvirate alliance over the next


14:57


few years however the Alliance it broke


14:59


down in 53 BCE


15:00


Crassus was killed in battle meanwhile


15:02


Pompey was distancing himself from


15:04


Caesar about this time Julia died during


15:06


childbirth further fragmenting the


15:08


relationship between the two men when


15:10


rioting erupted in Rome in 52 BCE Pompey


15:13


was appointed to the console without


15:15


colleague he quickly aligned himself


15:17


with the optimum faction of aristocrats


15:19


who were opposed to Caesar the following


15:21


year with Caesars military conquests


15:22


having been completed the Optimates want


15:24


him that if he returned to Rome he would


15:26


be immediately arrested for excesses of


15:29


office during his years as consul within


15:31


the city there had developed popular


15:32


factions in support of both Pompey and


15:34


Caesar the latter’s followers attempted


15:37


to have him through the Consul in


15:39


absentia but the opposition demanded


15:41


that he first returned to face the music


15:43


and give up the command of his army


15:45


Caesar balked at these demands he knew


15:48


now that there was only one recourse he


15:51


had to march on Rome and claim what he


15:53


rightfully saw as his On January the


15:55


10th 49 BCE he marshaled a single Legion


15:58


across the Rubicon River which marked


16:00


the border of his province this was an


16:02


immediate act of civil war yet there was


16:05


to be no battle but pay with most of his


16:07


forces deployed in Spain fled to the


16:09


south this enabled Caesar to march on


16:12


Rome unhindered there he had himself


16:14


declared dictator with his top General


16:16


Mark Antony as second-in-command in


16:18


short order he was elected to the


16:20


consulship at which time he resigned his


16:23


dictatorship Caesar now set out in


16:25


pursuit of Pompey leaving Mark Antony in


16:27


control of Rome by now Pompey had


16:29


established himself in Greece and was


16:31


building a force to challenge Caesar in


16:33


48 BCE the two armies met on the plains


16:36


of Pharsalus with Pompey’s forces


16:38


outnumbering those of Caesar two-to-one


16:40


however Caesar won by employing superior


16:42


tactics but they though he managed to


16:45


escape to Egypt


16:47


[Music]


16:52


Cesar pursued Pompeii to Alexandria


16:54


there he was supposed to be handed the


16:56


head of his adversary who had betrayed


16:58


the Egyptians and paid the ultimate


16:59


price


17:00


just prior to sees his arrival in


17:02


Alexandria the joint ruler 21 year old


17:04


Cleopatra had been driven from the city


17:06


she had herself smuggled into Caesars


17:08


presence inside a rolled-up rug she


17:10


besieged him for assistance in regaining


17:12


the throne the Roman leader saw


17:14


Cleopatra as a useful future Ally and


17:17


agreed to support her a prolonged


17:18


Egyptian siege of Alexandria followed


17:21


Caesar ordered the Egyptian fleet to be


17:23


burned and managed to hold off a force


17:24


of around 20,000 for several months he


17:27


sent to Rome for reinforcements and when


17:29


they turns up he marched out to join


17:31


them in the ensuing battle the Egyptians


17:33


were defeated Cleopatra was installed as


17:35


Pharaoh and after spending a further two


17:37


months in drawing her company Caesar


17:39


began the return journey to Rome on his


17:42


way back he even put down a rebellion in


17:44


Asia Minor during his absence things and


17:46


knock-on well in Rome largely due to


17:48


mark Antony’s mismanagement employing


17:50


great diplomatic skills Caesar managed


17:52


to overcome a potential Navy mutiny and


17:55


put down a rebellion by the Optimates


18:00


[Music]


18:03


Cesar was now appointed dictator for ten


18:06


years at the height of his powers and


18:07


enjoying unprecedented public support he


18:10


ruled autocratically this caused great


18:12


bitterness among the senators who


18:14


ignored primary among the dissenters


18:16


were the two sons of Pompeii sexist and


18:19


næss


18:19


these two headed to Spain and fermented


18:21


a revolt that Caesar was forced to


18:23


travel to Spain to personally put down


18:25


the rebellion in February 44 BC Caesar


18:28


was appointed dictator peteus during the


18:31


ceremony he refused to wear the diadem


18:33


that Mark Antony handed to him stating


18:35


that Jupiter was the only rightful king


18:37


of the Romans he then prepared to lead a


18:39


military campaign against the Parthians


18:41


brought her to his planned departure


18:43


from Rome Caesar attended a final


18:45


meeting of the Senate it was on the 15th


18:47


of March 44 BCE unknown to seize a 60 of


18:50


his most bitter rivals in the Senate had


18:52


come to the meeting with daggers


18:54


concealed under their togas Caesar


18:56


entered the chamber and proceeded to


18:58


make his way to his golden chair at the


19:00


designated signal senators from all


19:02


directions left upon him as the first


19:04


dagger blow came down upon him Caesar


19:06


was heard to cry out why this violence


19:08


two of his supporters tried to come to


19:10


his aid but they were blocked by the


19:12


conspirators within minutes it been


19:15


stabbed 23 times his final act was to


19:17


cover his face with his toga so that


19:19


none would see his death expression


19:21


Caesar died at the feet of a statue of


19:24


Pompey the conspirators wanted to throw


19:26


his body into the Tiber River that they


19:28


were stopped by Mark Antony the


19:30


announcement that Caesar was dead was


19:32


met with rioting by the people and the


19:34


conspirators were forced to flee the


19:35


city


19:36


Caesars body was cremated with the


19:37


temple of Caesar being built on the


19:39


cremation site from that point on the


19:41


legend of the martyred Caesar would be


19:43


passed down through the centuries so I


19:46


really hope you enjoyed their video if


19:47


you did don’t forget to subscribe to


19:49


this channel for brand new biographies


19:50


every Monday and every Thursday also


19:53


I’ve got another channel it’s called


19:54


today I found out it’s sort of like


19:56


biographic but way more broad on that


19:58


channel we get deep into all of the


20:00


details and all sorts of interesting


20:02


stuff check it out through the link on


20:04


the screen now but if you’re looking for


20:06


something else to watch right now why


20:07


not check out a biography from the


20:09


archives or at our found out video over


20:11


there on the right and as always


20:13


thank you for watching




This post was previously published on YouTube.





Photo credit: Screenshot from video.

games of throne

About Biographics

Biographics will provide video biographies about fascinating people four times per week. Co-owned by Simon Whistler & Shell Harris (co-founded with TopTenzNet – https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet) this biography channel will introduce you to people who changed the world for better and for worse. Website: Biographics.org

Subscribe to the newsletter news

We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe

Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

To Top